Friday, May 13, 2005

Survey Results 5: Cultural Identity

Stuart Hall has submitted that the future is equally as important in cultural identity construction as both the past and the present. The question posed to the respondents about the importance on which they place on their (future) partner or spouse having a multicultural background can be assumed to be indicative of what the TCK expects from his or her future.

Importance of multicultural background of partner
Just two individuals found it very important that their future spouse had a multicultural background like themselves, while another five consider it quite important. Those who look for multiculturality in their partner submit that what is important to them is a mutual frame of reference, in order to understand where the other is coming from. Barbara, for instance, has been married twice to mono-cultural men, but only when she met her third husband, with the same multi-cultural background as her own, did she finally feel that she had met the right person.

Many mention that it is important to them with regard to practical reasons – those who expect to move abroad in the future find that it is important that their partner will understand this wish, and especially be able to adjust to a new culture. In addition, Manuel mentions that it is important to him that his children learn at least two languages while growing up, submitting that this will be important if they are to cope career-wise in the future.

Those who find that a multicultural background is irrelevant (7), not surprisingly mention that “soul mates are better”, and that a multi-cultural background is not a prerequisite for character traits that really matter to them, such as a good sense of humour, and that essentially, love happens regardless of backgrounds. The values that a mono-cultural person has, no matter where he or she is from, are equally as valid as those of a multi-cultural person.

However, what does matter is a tolerance and respect towards other cultures, a trait which is equally found among mono-cultural as multi-cultural people.

Personal Cultural Identity
In terms of their own cultural identity, only Katrine and Dan regard themselves as Danish. Interestingly, Katrine is also the only person in the sample who has yet to move back to Denmark. Dan, on the other hand, expresses that while this is a difficult question, he has then adopted "Danish" as his cultural label, having his typically Scandinavian looks playing a big part in this decision. Being able to describe a label to someone is important he says, so as to facilitate communication. A national label, then, gives strangers a starting reference in order to "figure you out".

Many express difficulty in answering this question, explaining that they are confused and split between nationalities. Some describe their cultural identity in terms of percentages (50% this, 30% that and the remaining 20% a third nationality.) Natalie, Line, Jonas and Davis however, seem to have a clear understanding of themselves as belonging to a third culture. Natalie expresses that she is a citizen of the world, Line describes herself in terms of broadened horizons and easily adaptive to different situations. Jonas defines himself as a global hybrid, whereas David describes his background as that of the international school and everything that the international school culture entails - in particular the high cultural diversity among the pupils.

Influences on cultural identity include:
  • Friends (7 responses)

  • Living and traveling abroad (6)

  • Cultural experiences while growing up (5),
    (including growing up with other people from all over the world (2))

  • Upbringing, parents and family (5)

  • School and/or work (5)

  • Social activities (3)

  • Languages

  • Literature, music, food

  • Religion, history, heritage, news, politics, economics

  • Self-perception

  • Looks


  • Besides the culture which one’s own parents have brought one up with, central elements in identity construction are interaction with individuals from other cultures and experiencing other cultures especially through childhood. Religion, history and heritage have a low occurrence in influence, while communication, especially interaction is regarded very highly as a cultural influence.

    TCK identification
    In terms of relating to the TCK definition, just Britta and Mette responded that they did not identify with it at all. Britta explains that she in fact feels more attracted to people who have had a monocultural background, very much due to the fact that she found them much more interesting than those with the same background. However, she adds, her husband has in fact traveled a lot during childhood. Mette chose not to comment on her answer.

    Six respondents completely identified themselves with the definition, four respondents mostly did, and four partially did. Hannah, who completely identified herself with this definition, felt that non-TCKs would never completely understand her – Natalie concurred. Katrine, who mostly identifies with this definition concurs with Britta that she finds mono-cultural people equally as fascinating as TCKs. Line submits that while TCKs relate to each other easier, if non-TCKs are open-minded enough and are willing to try and understand the TCK background, then they can relate to each other as well.

    10 Comments:

    Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

    ninest123 10.08
    nike free, michael kors, christian louboutin, oakley sunglasses, nike outlet, nike air max, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet online, uggs on sale, michael kors handbags, chanel handbags, burberry outlet, louis vuitton handbags, tory burch outlet, ray ban sunglasses, kate spade, uggs on sale, louboutin shoes, replica watches, tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet online, cheap oakley sunglasses, longchamp outlet, ralph lauren polo, prada outlet, ray ban sunglasses, ralph lauren outlet, tiffany jewelry, christian louboutin, longchamp outlet, oakley sunglasses, burberry factory outlet, prada handbags, michael kors outlet, gucci handbags, louboutin uk, cheap jordans, replica watches, louis vuitton, oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet store, oakley sunglasses, uggs on sale, uggs outlet, louis vuitton outlet, michael kors outlet online, nike air max, uggs outlet

    05:12  
    Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

    converse, longchamp pas cher, nike air max, coach outlet store online, longchamp soldes, hogan sito ufficiale, new balance, coach purses, nike roshe uk, hollister uk, vans pas cher, nike air max pas cher, lunette oakley pas cher, michael kors outlet online, burberry pas cher, abercrombie and fitch UK, polo ralph lauren uk, vanessa bruno pas cher, mulberry uk, abercrombie and fitch, hermes pas cher, true religion jeans, michael kors, coach outlet, nike roshe run pas cher, michael kors uk, coach outlet, true religion outlet, lululemon outlet, nike air max uk, nike air max uk, ralph lauren pas cher, nike free, north face uk, polo lacoste pas cher, true religion outlet, nike air force, north face pas cher, nike free pas cher, kate spade outlet, nike tn pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, louboutin pas cher, timberland pas cher, true religion outlet, sac guess pas cher, jordan pas cher, ray ban uk, lunette ray ban pas cher

    05:13  
    Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

    nike trainers uk, nike air max, lululemon outlet, nike roshe run, salvatore ferragamo, soccer shoes, ghd hair, beats by dre, new balance shoes, louboutin, nike air huarache, mcm handbags, softball bats, vans scarpe, polo ralph lauren, abercrombie and fitch, wedding dresses, babyliss pro, abercrombie, chi flat iron, converse shoes outlet, hollister clothing, herve leger, instyler ionic styler, p90x workout, ray ban, oakley, converse, mac cosmetics, hollister, longchamp uk, jimmy choo outlet, valentino shoes, iphone cases, north face outlet, bottega veneta, soccer jerseys, hermes handbags, vans outlet, giuseppe zanotti, asics running shoes, nfl jerseys, reebok outlet, gucci, celine handbags, mont blanc, insanity workout, nike air max, north face outlet, timberland boots, michael kors, longchamp bags

    05:13  
    Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

    canada goose jackets, ugg uk, toms shoes, swarovski jewelry, barbour jackets uk, doke & gabbana, moncler pas cher, moncler jackets, moncler, montre pas cher, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, canada goose outlet, links of london uk, moncler outlet, pandora charms, canada goose uk, moncler uk, michael kors outlet, pandora uk, louis vuitton, marc jacobs, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, pandora jewelry, canada goose jackets, ugg pas cher, moncler, thomas sabo uk, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, barbour, canada goose pas cher, karen millen uk, hollister, michael kors outlet online, sac louis vuitton, michael kors handbags, wedding dresses uk, sac louis vuitton, coach outlet, louis vuitton, bottes ugg pas cher, juicy couture outlet, swarovski uk, moncler, canada goose, pandora jewelry, louis vuitton uk, lancel, replica watches, canada goose outlet, moncler
    ninest123 10.08

    05:15  
    Blogger mmjiaxin said...

    giuseppe zanotti outlet
    swarovski outlet
    rolex watches,rolex,watches for men,watches for women,omega watches,replica watches,rolex watches for sale,rolex replica,rolex watch,cartier watches,rolex submariner,fake rolex,rolex replica watches,replica rolex
    north face outlet
    tiffany outlet
    uggs outlet
    new balance shoes
    louis vuitton bags
    north face outlet
    cleveland cavaliers
    nike air huarache
    swarovski crystal
    longchamp outlet
    ray ban sunglasses
    kobe bryants shoes
    moncler outlet store
    nike roshe
    hollister uk
    canada goose outelt
    the north face outlet
    mm1219

    01:47  
    Blogger Unknown said...



    الرحمة كبرى شركات التنظيف والمكافحة بالرياض والمملكة تقدم العديد نت الخدمات المتميزة ذات الجودة العالية واسعارها تناسب الجميع ومن هذه الخدمات :
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض
    مستودعات تخزين عفش بالرياض
    افضل شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض
    افضل شركة تسليك مجاري بالرياض

    وان كنت تريد ان تتخلص من الاثاث القديم الذي يسبب لك الازعاج فشركة الرحمة تقوم بشراء الاثاث الستعمل فهى افضل ارقام شركات شراء اثاث مستعمل بالرياض

    01:45  
    Blogger Unknown said...



    تعد شركة البيت الافضل افضل الشركات العامة في الخدمات المنزلية تقدم افضل الخدمات باعلى جودة وباقل الاسعار
    شركة تخزين عفش بالرياض
    شركة نظافة بالرياض
    شركة غسيل خزانات بالرياض
    شركة مكافحة الحشرات بالدمام
    بالاضافة الى خدماتنا الاخرى مثل :
    شركة شراء اثاث مستعمل بالرياض
    كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف بيوت بالرياض
    ونتميز في جميع الخدمات بان اسعارنا تعد ارخص الاسعار بالمقارنة مع الشركات الاخرى
    شركة نقل عفش بالرياض
    رش مبيدات بالرياض
    شركة مكافحة الحشرات بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف كنب بالرياض

    01:46  
    Blogger mmjiaxin said...

    cheap tiffanys
    michael kors outlet clearance
    michael kors handbags
    Cheap Jerseys Online
    nfl jerseys
    michael kors purses
    oakley sunglasses
    kobe byrant shoes
    adidas nmd
    retro jordans
    tiffany and co uk
    http://www.cheap-airjordans.us.com
    michael kors outlet online
    http://www.tiffanyandcooutletonline.us.com
    oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakleys,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley
    chrome hearts
    nike polo shirts
    michael kors handbags clearance
    oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet sunglasses
    michael kors handbags
    christian louboutin outlet
    michael kors outlets
    nike huarache
    michael jordan shoes
    ray ban sunglasses outlet
    gg

    02:57  
    Blogger aboshady said...

    شراء الاثاث المستعمل بالرياض
    شراء اثاث مستعمل الرياض
    شركة شراء الاثاث المستعمل بالرياض
    شراء الاثاث المستعمل

    20:44  
    Blogger Mie Helal said...

    Very good write-up
    http://www.kuwait.prokr.net/
    http://www.emirates.prokr.net/

    17:42  

    Post a Comment

    << Home